Health

UNC Receives NC DHHS Contract to Study E-Cigarette Use in Youth and Young Adults

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Newswise — CHAPEL HILL, N.C. – In North Carolina, e-cigarettes continue to be the most popular tobacco product among young people. Since e-cigarettes were first made available in 2011, rates of youth e-cigarette use in North Carolina have increased, impacting 20.9% of high school students and 6.1% of middle school students in 2019. Nationwide, lung damage related to use of electronic cigarettes has risen sharply since 2020, with many suffering from continued respiratory issues.

In 2019, North Carolina filed a lawsuit against JUUL Labs, Inc., for their purported role in the state’s vaping epidemic among youth and young adults, becoming the first state to do so. JUUL is the largest e-cigarette manufacturer in the United States and, at the time, was the most popular e-cigarette brand in the state.

The maker of electronic cigarettes consented to settle with North Carolina in 2021. As part of the consent order, JUUL was required to alter its business practices significantly and pay $40 million to the NC Department of Health and Human Services (NCDHHS) to support initiatives that aid smokers in quitting, fight e-cigarette addiction, and advance scientific research.

“In recent years, we have noted a stark increase in electronic cigarette use among middle and high school students,” said Leah Ranney, PhD, MA, research associate professor in the Department of Family Medicine and the director of University of North Carolina’s Tobacco Prevention and Evaluation program (TPEP). “This contract will support activities to help reduce this alarming trend among North Carolinians,”

A portion of the settlement funding was awarded to TPEP. The two-year, $887,431 contract will help researchers, school personnel, parents, and public health practitioners, to better understand youth and young adult vaping (e-cigarette) and emerging tobacco product trends in North Carolina. The contract was awarded by the NC DHHS Tobacco Prevention and Control Branch (TPCB) and the effort will be led by Ranney at UNC.

For more than 20 years, TPEP has worked collaboratively with the TPCB to conduct program evaluation on NC tobacco control programs like the QuitlineNC and to analyze responses from school based the NC Youth Tobacco Survey, one of only 2 sources for NC youth risk behavior data. UNC TPEP will use a variety of qualitative and quantitative data collection strategies to evaluate trends in youth and young adult vaping (e-cigarette) and emerging tobacco products.

“This contract will provide critically important data on the current perceptions of tobacco products, including e-cigarettes, within our state,” said Adam Goldstein, MD, MPH, director of the University of North Carolina Tobacco Intervention Programs. “Learning more about current e-cigarette perceptions among multiple stakeholders, including teachers, could point us to better ways to intervene early and ultimately improve the life-long heath of North Carolinians.”

Beginning July 1, 2023, this new project is one of the many funded through the JUUL settlement funds that seek to promote cessation, prevent e-cigarette addiction, and research e-cigarettes across North Carolina.

“While we still do not know all the short and long-term health effects of vaping, everyone agrees that youth should not use any tobacco product, including vapes,” said Goldstein, who is also the Elizabeth and Oscar Goodwin Distinguished Professor in the Department of Family Medicine.



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